Selecting the right type of grass for your lawn takes precision and careful study. Optimally, you want to achieve the finest results in growing luscious and healthy grass. In order to accomplish this, there are several factors to consider when making a selection. You will need to consider the specific types of grass that will grow best in your location, the varieties to choose from, and the most effective methods of growing the healthiest grass.
Different types of grass grow well in respective regions. Grass is generally divided into two categories: cool season grass and warm season grass. Cool season consists of grass that grows more favorably within colder climates. Colder climates typically exist in northern states where the duration of winter is prolonged. Warm season grass grows more favorably within warmer climates. The duration of warmer weather lasts longer in southern states.
Types of Grass and Their Characteristics
The area you live in is an important factor to consider when choosing the best type of grass for your lawn. Some types of grass that are more favorable to colder climates are Kentucky bluegrass, Perennial ryegrass, and fine fescue. You will discover that cold season grasses are grown together to accomplish different functions such as surviving high traffic areas.
- Kentucky bluegrass can withstand harsh winters and can tolerate excessive moisture and is best grown in places such as parks.
- Perennial ryegrass grows best in areas that have milder winters and cool summers and is commonly used in location such as riverbanks and roadsides.
- Fine fescue grows well in shaded environments and is normally used as turf grass and on pastures.
Some grasses that grow more favorably in warm climates are Zoysia, Bermuda, Carpet, and St. Augustine. Generally, these grasses grow best in significant sunlight and can survive in shade. They grow best in temperatures between 80 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit, but become inactive during the winter season. You should consider grass that is either resistant to drought or can grow with high levels of water during harsh dry weather.
- Zoysia grass is best used for sports fields, golf courses, and coastal locations because of its strength and durability. Zoysia can also endure varying temperatures and moisture levels which makes it ideal for growing in temperate climates.
- Bermuda is best used for sports fields and can survive treacherous conditions as it regenerates rapidly.
- Carpet grass is grown in orchards and in tropical locations.
- Augustine grass is dense and favorable for lawns. It also grows heartily in moisture-rich areas.
Tips for Growing the Best Type of Grass
You can adhere to several available methods to grow the best grass for your lawn. An important method is hydration. Water hydration is essential to keeping your grass fed and promoting its successful growth. Another key method is determining whether to grow your grass by choosing sod, sprigs, or seed. Grass grown in warm climates grow most effectively when they are initially planted as sod or with sprigs. If you choose cold season grass, it is best to start with seed.
In addition to hydration, fertilizer is a key component to effectively nurturing and growing your grass. It is important to fertilize your grass. Fertilization of grass encourages its green luster, provides repair from damage, and creates density. Fertilizer also helps grass survive better in more extreme climates. Last, but not least, it is important to properly mow your lawns. It is recommended to cut your grass at your highest desired length—no more than the first 1/3 of the grass blade—to aid nutrients in helping root growth.
Picking the right type of grass for your lawn is a science. It is essential to factor in the region of the country you live in because temperature plays a pivotal role in grass growth. The type of grass you decide to choose is also impacted by temperatures in your region. You also should consider your grass’ main uses, best tips for healthy growth, and optimal locations and environments for its best growth.